12 important steps to emptying a dump truck load!
A dump truck is a commercial vehicle used to load and unload cargo from an origin site to a destination site. These vehicles are commonly used to transport sand, gravel, and many other types of construction material. Correctly emptying a load requires specific skills as well as a clear understanding of the unloading process to prevent damage to any person or property.
Operators of these vehicles must be licensed and well trained to avoid any potential hazards in the workplace and must read and fully follow the operator’s safety manuals before operating the vehicle.
The following are twelve easy to follow steps when unloading a dump truck that will always put safety first in the unloading procedure.
1. Check for any potential hazards in the unloading area before starting the backing procedure. You must comply with all published and printed workplace safety regulations to avoid work-related accidents. This is a part of risk prevention designed to reduce insurance premiums by eliminating any unnecessary liability and/or workers’ compensation claims. It is true that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
2. Ask a bystander to help you back up to avoid foreseeable accidents and/or injuries. If a spotter is not available, use orange or green safety cones, place them at the rear corners of the trailer to alert any passersby that something dangerous is going on.
3. Check one more time to make sure no one is within 20 to 30 feet of the rear of the truck, then return to the cab.
Four. Check your side mirrors before backing up to make sure the area behind you is clear; turn on the emergency lights.
5. Depress the clutch and put the shift lever in reverse and release the clutch pedal slowly while applying pressure to the accelerator pedal.
6. Back the truck slowly to get as close as possible to the edge of the dump when material is to be unloaded.
7. Check and recheck the site as you back up, ensuring throughout the process that there are no bystanders within a 20-30 foot radius of the rear of the vehicle.
8. When in the correct location, shift into park, set the parking brake, and shut off the engine.
9. Go to the rear of the dump box, unlatch or unlock the rear door. Engage the power take off (PTO) to raise the truck bed and apply downward pressure on the brake pedal.
10 Sound the horn to make a loud sound when the contents begin to be deposited on the ground. This is to alert passersby and staff that the unloading of the materials has begun. Many accidents occur during the unloading process due to the inattention of bystanders who may be struck by flying debris from the truck bed as it is raised to unload.
eleven Depress the clutch pedal and shift into first gear, allowing the vehicle to creep forward to completely unload the litter material. Do not try to move the truck faster by stepping on the accelerator and then stepping on the brake pedal, as sudden braking could damage the trailer or tailgate.
12 When the material is fully unloaded, disengage the PTO to lower the unloading deck. When the box is fully lowered onto the truck frame, go to the rear and lock the tailgate latch lever to secure the tailgate. Now, you can go back to the quarry to get more material.
Operating a dump truck requires proper education, training, and vigilance. Workplace safety must be seriously maintained to control and eliminate preventable hazards in the workplace. It is very important to maintain an injury-free work environment to avoid fines and penalties. Compensation claims and driver’s license revocation are common results of negligence. Following all of the steps above will help ensure that your download experience is a satisfying one!