What is an intercom?
An intercom (intercom device) is a communication tool that allows two or more people to have a conversation or communicate in some way through different rooms or compartments in a structure (i.e. a building, ship, airplane, etc. .). This communication through an electrical circuit device is primarily permanently mounted within building structures (whether commercial or residential) or vehicles (ie airplanes, ships, buses, etc.).
Intercom connections can come in the form of walkie-talkies, telephones, and cell phones over a phone line or a data line. Intercoms are used to communicate primarily within a building. For example, you may have an intercom system inside your home to monitor what is happening in your child’s room or to communicate with your spouse or another family member in a different part of the house.
Intercoms come in a variety of styles. Some are extremely easy to use, while others can be very complicated. There are audio intercoms, video intercoms, integrated and multi-tenant intercoms. Major intercom manufacturers include Aiphone, Quantometrix, and Vitec Group Communications. These companies offer a wide variety of communication systems consisting of audio, audiovisual, IP network intercoms, apartment entrance intercoms, nurse calls, and bowling alley intercoms.
Also known as voice intercoms, audio intercoms have a main unit and other smaller units in different parts of a building, allowing communication between the main part of the building, such as a living room or kitchen, and a smallest part of the building, such as bedrooms or bathrooms. . Some audio intercoms play music through the system. If you have a baby in the house, the audio intercoms can be used as a baby monitor. This allows you to hear when the baby is crying or if he is sound asleep.
Video doorphones have the same capabilities as their voice / audio-only counterparts, but in addition to voice or audio communication, they allow you to see what activities are happening in different parts of the building through a small video screen. This is a great tool for families with children. Parents or other adult family members can monitor their children while they play in their room or in the backyard while preparing dinner in the kitchen. Video doorphones are also useful to know who is at the door before opening it. Some sophisticated video intercom systems allow you to unlock your front door from a different location.
Intercoms provide a number of uses for businesses by allowing them to communicate with multiple employees at the same time. For example, a large office or warehouse full of employees can be reached simultaneously through the use of an intercom by a single employee. Department and grocery stores use intercoms to communicate with both employees and customers. These stores can keep customers up to date on sales, closing times, or any other topic.
Intercoms are made up of different parts and are therefore sometimes called intercom systems. These parts include master or base stations, door stations, bus stations, fanny packs, headphones, headsets, and power supplies. Intercom systems come in a variety of types, including two-wire broadcast intercoms, four-wire broadcast intercoms, wireless intercoms, and telephone intercoms.